Chapter 4: Research Design

Upon completion of this chapter, the student should be able to: 
  1. Identify the two major tasks of research design. 
  2. Define and illustrate the three basic purposes of research. 
  3. List three reasons for performing exploratory studies. 
  4. Contrast the idiographic and the nomothetic models of explanation by definition and example. 
  5. List and illustrate the three prerequisites for establishing causality in nomothetic explanations. 
  6. List and explain the three things that social scientists do not mean when they speak of causal relationships.
  7. Differentiate a necessary cause from a sufficient cause by definition and example. 
  8. Define units of analysis and identify and illustrate each of the basic types. 
  9. Define and illustrate the ecological fallacy. 
  10. Define and illustrate reductionism. 
  11. Compare cross-sectional and longitudinal studies in terms of the advantages and weaknesses of each.
  12. Differentiate among the three types of longitudinal studies by definition and example. 
  13. Explain how longitudinal studies may be approximated using the cross-sectional design. 
  14. Depict the research process in a diagram manner and describe the diagram. 
  15. Identify the basic elements of a research proposal. 
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K. B. Pok-Carabalona,
Feb 23, 2011, 10:46 PM